时间：2019-03-29 18:01:55 来源： 编辑：
1. Speech difference.
In advertising language, onomatopoeia, sound symbols and echoes are often used to arouse audiences'aesthetic perception; however, Chinese and Western phonetics, onomatopoeia or rhyme have different characteristics, which bring many troubles to translators. For example, in English advertising words, alliteration, vowel, rhyme and false rhyme are often used to increase the phonological beauty of advertising words.
例如，广告词“Never late on Father’s Day.”，两个元韵[ei]能起一种和谐的音乐美。而要在汉语译文中保留这种音乐美是很难做到的。
For example, the advertising slogan "Never late on Father's Day." Two yuan rhymes [ei] can create a harmonious musical beauty. It is difficult to preserve this musical beauty in Chinese translation.
2. Semantic differences.
这大概存在四种情况：一是译名不符英美文化。例如，上海产“白翎”钢笔，其英译为“White Feather”，在英语国家无人问津;其原因在于英语中有句成语“to show the white feather”意思是临阵逃脱，白色羽毛象征的是胆小鬼。
There are four situations: first, the translation of names does not conform to Anglo-American culture. For example, the English translation of "Bailing" pen made in Shanghai is "White Feather", which is not popular in English-speaking countries. The reason is that there is an English idiom "to show the white feather" which means to escape from battle. White feather symbolizes cowardice.
Second, there are political metaphors in the translated names. For example, "Dapeng" canvas shoes are translated as "ROC". Dapeng is a mythical bird in Chinese mythology and ROC is also a giant bird in English mythology. This translation is justifiable, but it happens to be the same as the English abbreviation of the Republic of China, which is of course inappropriate.
Third, the translation is not elegant. For example, the word cock often refers to a person's body organs in English and American countries, if any advertising words with the word "chicken"; for example, "golden chicken" and "cock" directly translated into "cock" will damage the image of goods, giving a vulgar and uncultured impression.
Fourth, the translator is both Chinese Pinyin and English vocabulary. Chinese Pinyin is made up of Latin letters and English words are also made up of Latin letters. Therefore, Chinese Pinyin of some advertising words may happen to be a word in English. For example, Puke (the Chinese phonetic alphabet of poker) just means "vomiting" in English (Hechuansheng: 1997).
These are the common problems in the English translation of Chinese advertising words. Translators should pay more attention to the broad cultural connotations of advertising words.
3. Differences in written form.
Different countries, nationalities and regions use different languages, and have different preferences and disgusts for some of them. According to the survey, Japanese favorite words are "sincerity", "dream", "love", "sadness", "beauty" and so on. Chinese characters like "Fu", "Shoushou", "Happiness", "Happiness" and so on. According to Irving Wallace, the most beautiful English words are: chime, a string of bells, golden, lullaby lullaby, melody, murmuring whispers, etc. But these words are not only beautiful in meaning, but also beautiful in appearance, causing people's good psychological reaction and visual effect. In particular, Chinese characters are the only hieroglyphics with the most complete system and the most rigorous structure in the world. As long as "Wangwen" can "create meaning". It not only gives people visual impact, but also can trigger inspiration, causing tremendous psychological shock. The commonly used Word-splitting technique in advertisements also brings some difficulties to translation.
4. Rhetorical differences.
广告语常用修辞手法，为了使表述内容形象化、具体化或使主要词语鲜明、突出，加强语言效果，引起公众注意并帮助公众记忆。但由于中西某些修辞传统的差异会给翻译带来一些困难，主要表现在比喻、象征、对偶、双关等修辞上。其中最难处理的是双关的翻译。双关分谐音双关和多义双关两种，如“黄河冰箱;领‘鲜’ 一步”和“Ask for More. --- More (cigarette)”，翻译这些含双关的广告语要做到两全其美确实很难。
The rhetorical devices commonly used in advertising language can help the public to pay attention to and help them remember in order to visualize, concretize or make the main words distinct and prominent. However, due to the differences between Chinese and Western rhetoric traditions, some difficulties will arise in translation, mainly in figurative, symbolic, dual, pun and other rhetoric. The most difficult thing to deal with is the translation of puns. Puns are divided into homophonic puns and polysemous puns, such as "Yellow River Refrigerator; Lead a Fresh Step" and "Ask for More --- More" (cigarette). It is really difficult to translate these advertisements with puns to make the best of both worlds.